壓力傳感器在水處理中的應用
信息來源: 華恒 | [ 2019-04-10 ] 點擊量: 331

   壓力傳感器在水處理中的應用是怎樣的?西安華恒儀表介紹:我國的環保水處理行業,近些年得到快速的發展,并且未來前景廣闊。

 
  What is the application of pressure sensors in water treatment?Xi'an Huaheng Instrument Introduction:China's environmental water treatment industry has developed rapidly in recent years,and the future prospects are broad.
 
  在供水和污水處理工藝中有賴于使用壓力傳感器為系統保護和質量保證提供重要控制和監測手段。
 
  In water supply and sewage treatment processes,pressure sensors are used to provide important control and monitoring means for system protection and quality assurance.
 
  壓力傳感器將壓力(一般指液體或氣體的壓力)轉換為電信號輸出,該壓力電信號也可進而用于測量靜態流體的液位,因此可用來測量液位。
 
  Pressure sensor converts pressure(generally the pressure of liquid or gas)into electrical signal output,which can also be used to measure liquid level of static fluid,so it can be used to measure liquid level.
 
  壓力傳感器的敏感組件主要有硅杯敏感元件、硅油、隔離膜片和導氣管組成,被測介質壓力P通過隔離膜片和硅油傳遞到硅杯元件的一側(見圖),大氣參考壓po通過導氣管作用到硅杯元件的另一側,硅杯元件是一個底部加工得很薄的杯形單晶硅片。
 
  The sensitive components of pressure sensor mainly consist of silicon cup sensor,silicon oil,isolation diaphragm and air duct.The measured medium pressure P is transmitted to one side of the silicon cup sensor through isolation diaphragm and silicon oil(see figure).The atmospheric reference pressure Po acts on the other side of the silicon cup sensor through air duct.The silicon cup element is a cup-shaped single crystal silicon chip with very thin bottom processing.
 
  杯底膜片在壓力P和Po做用下產生位移極小的彈性變形,單晶硅是理想的彈性體,其變形與壓力成嚴格的正比關系,而且復原性能又極好。
 
  The diaphragm at the bottom of the cup produces elastic deformation with minimal displacement under pressure P and PO.Single crystal silicon is an ideal elastomer.Its deformation is strictly proportional to pressure,and its recovery performance is excellent.
 
  硅膜片上用半導體擴散工藝形成的四個橋路電阻布置成方形,當硅膜片受到壓力產生變形時,處于對角線上的二電阻受壓應力,而另為二個電阻受張應力,由于擴散硅的壓阻效應,使相對的二個電阻阻值增大,二另為二個電阻阻值減小。
 
  The four bridge resistors formed by semiconductor diffusion process are arranged in square.When the silicon diaphragm is deformed by pressure,the compressive stress of two resistors on the diagonal line and the tensile stress of two resistors on the diagonal line increase the relative two resistors due to the piezoresistive effect of diffused silicon and decrease the value of two resistors on the diagonal line.
 
  如果在A-A二端上加上電壓,則C-D間就有一個P-Po差壓成正比的電壓信號輸出。
 
  If a voltage is added to the A-A terminals,there will be a voltage signal output proportional to the P-Po differential voltage between the C-D terminals.
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