【行業新聞】建設國家級儀器專業56個,國產儀器儀表要崛起了
信息來源: 華恒 | [ 2019-04-12 ] 點擊量: 329

   近日,教育部發布《實施一流本科專業建設“雙萬計劃”的通知》,決定全面實施“六卓越一拔尖”計劃2.0,啟動一流本科專業建設“雙萬計劃”。2019—2021年,建設10000個左右國家級一流本科專業點和10000個左右省級一流本科專業點。

 
  the construction of first-class undergraduate majors,deciding to implement the"six outstanding and one top-notch"plan in an all-round way and start the"20,000 plan"for the construction of first-class undergraduate majors.From 2019 to 2021,about 10,000 national first-class undergraduate specialty points and 10,000 provincial first-class undergraduate specialty points will be built.
 
  在近2萬個左右一流本科專業點中,化學類148個,生物科學類158個,環境科學與工程類158個、食品科學與工程類106個、儀器類56個,藥學類80個,中藥學類30個、生物醫學工程類31個。
 
  Among the nearly 20,000 top-ranking undergraduate specialties,there are 148 chemical specialties,158 biological sciences,158 Environmental Sciences and engineering specialties,106 Food Sciences and engineering specialties,56 instrumental specialties,80 pharmaceutical specialties,30 traditional Chinese medicine specialties and 31 biomedical engineering specialties.
 
  本次“雙萬計劃”原則如下:面向各類高校。在不同類型的普通本科高校建設一流本科專業,鼓勵分類發展、特色發展;面向全部專業。覆蓋全部92個本科專業類,分年度開展一流本科專業點建設;突出示范領跑。
 
  The principle of this"20,000 plan"is as follows:facing all kinds of colleges and universities.To build first-class undergraduate majors in different types of general undergraduate colleges and universities,encourage classified development and characteristic development,and face all majors.It covers all 92 undergraduate majors and carries out the construction of first-class undergraduate majors in different years,highlighting the leading role of demonstration.
 
  建設新工科、新醫科、新農科、新文科示范性本科專業,引領帶動高校優化專業結構、促進專業建設質量提升,推動形成高水平人才培養體系;分“賽道”建設。中央部門所屬高校、地方高校名額分列,向地方高校傾斜;鼓勵支持高校在服務國家和區域經濟社會發展中建設一流本科專業;“兩步走”實施。報送的專業第一步被確定為國家級一流本科專業建設點;教育部組織開展專業認證,通過后再確定為國家級一流本科專業。
 
  The construction of demonstration undergraduate majors in new disciplines,new medical sciences,new liberal arts will lead universities to optimize their professional structure,promote the quality of professional construction,and promote the formation of a high-level personnel training system,and be divided into"track"construction.Colleges and local universities affiliated to the central government should be allocated to local colleges and universities,and they should be encouraged to support universities in building first-class undergraduate majors in serving the country and regional economic and social development,and implement the"two-step"approach.The first step of the submitted specialty is to be identified as a national first-class undergraduate specialty construction point.The Ministry of Education organizes professional certification and then determines it as a national first-class undergraduate specialty.
 
  近年來,國產儀器雖然發展較快,但低檔同質化競爭、招投標“遭排擠”、國外隱性技術壁壘制約等因素依然使當前國產儀器處境尷尬。
 
  In recent years,although domestic instruments have developed rapidly,the low-grade homogeneous competition,the"crowding out"of bidding and invisible technical barriers abroad still make the current situation of domestic instruments awkward.
 
  長期以來,進口儀器一直占據我國主要市場,分布在國家級、省級、地市級實驗室,以及高校和相關企業中。業內人士表示,近年來,國產儀器與進口儀器之間一直處于貿易逆差狀態。
 
  For a long time,imported instruments have occupied the main market in China,distributed in national,provincial,prefectural and municipal laboratories,as well as universities and related enterprises.Industry insiders said that in recent years,there has been a trade deficit between domestic and imported instruments.
 
  此次,教育部啟動一流本科專業建設“雙萬計劃”,建設56個國家級儀器專業,無疑為國產儀器發展注入了一劑“強心劑”。通過設立儀器專業,將為我國培養更多的儀器專業人才,推動國產儀器向高端高質量發展。Recently,the Ministry of Education issued a circular on the implementation of the"20,000 plan"for
 
  This time,the Ministry of Education launched the"20,000 plan"for the construction of first-class undergraduate majors and 56 national-level instrument majors,which undoubtedly injected a"strong heart"into the development of domestic instruments.Through the establishment of instrument specialty,more instrument professionals will be trained in China,and the development of domestic instruments to high-end and high-quality will be promoted.
? 888电影网