【行業新聞】發力“智能+” 激活儀器儀表行業高質量發展新動能
信息來源: 華恒 | [ 2019-05-09 ] 點擊量: 313

   近日,在第二屆數字中國峰會主論壇上,百度創始人李彥宏談到,未來沒有一家企業可以聲稱跟人工智能無關,所以每一個產業、每一個企業家要考慮的,是怎么樣用最有效的方法,提升技術創新能力,把人工智能變成“自己的菜”。否則,有可能會錯過一個時代。對于作為制造業重要組成部分的儀器儀表行業來說,也是同樣如此。

 
  Recently,at the second digital China Summit Forum,Baidu founder Robin Li said that no future enterprise can claim to have nothing to do with AI,so every industry and every entrepreneur should consider how to use the most effective way to enhance technological innovation ability and turn AI into"own dish".Otherwise,we may miss an era.The same is true for the instrument industry,which is an important part of manufacturing industry.
 
  從以機械化為中心的第一次工業革命到以電氣化為中心的第二次工業革命再到第三次的信息化革命,工業制造在不斷的發生著變化。在工業革命轟轟烈烈的發展過程中,儀器儀表也在人們生產和生活中發生著巨大的變化。如今,隨著以物聯網和人工智能技術為標志的第四次工業革命的逐步展開,儀器儀表技術也將迎來新一輪的發展。
 
  From the first Industrial Revolution centered on mechanization to the second Industrial Revolution centered on electrification to the third information revolution,industrial manufacturing is constantly changing.In the course of the vigorous development of the industrial revolution,instruments and instruments have also undergone tremendous changes in people's production and life.Nowadays,with the gradual development of the fourth industrial revolution marked by the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence technology,instrumentation technology will also usher in a new round of development.
 
  受產品同質化速度加快、價格競爭加劇、產品生命周期短縮以及當下的去產能、去庫存、去杠桿等因素的影響,儀器儀表行業之間的競爭越來越激烈,一著不慎就可能滿盤皆輸。2017年,我國儀器儀表制造業規模以上數達到4358家,其中有497家企業出現虧損,虧損企業平均虧損金額達到734.4萬元。
 
  Influenced by the accelerated homogenization of products,intensified price competition,shortened product life cycle and the factors of current de-production capacity,de-inventory and de-leverage,the competition between instrumentation and instrumentation industries is becoming more and more fierce,and it is possible to lose the whole market if one is not careful.In 2017,China's instrument manufacturing industry reached 4,358,of which 497 enterprises suffered losses,with an average loss of 7.344 million yuan.
 
  要想在市場中站穩腳跟,必須緊跟歷史發展的潮流。國家網信辦在數字中國峰會上發布的《數字中國建設發展報告(2018年)》提到:要運用新技術新模式改造升級提升傳統產業,強化工業基礎和技術創新能力,拓展智能+,為制造業轉型升級賦能。以家家戶戶都在使用的計量器具水表為例,從剛開始研制的機械水表,到目前不同功能、不同型號、不同材質的智能水表,功能在不斷的擴大,性能更加優越,計量越來越準確,并且已經成為智慧水務發展的重要組成部分,產品的附加值在不斷擴大。
 
  In order to gain a firm foothold in the market,we must keep up with the trend of historical development.The Digital China Construction and Development Report(2018)issued by the National Network Information Office at the Digital China Summit mentioned that we should use new technologies and new modes to upgrade and upgrade traditional industries,strengthen industrial foundations and technological innovation capabilities,expand intelligence+,and empower the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry.Taking the water meter of measuring instruments used by every household as an example,from the mechanical water meter just developed to the intelligent water meter with different functions,models and materials,its function is expanding constantly,its performance is more superior,its measurement is more and more accurate,and it has become an important part of the development of intelligent water affairs,and the added value of products is expanding constantly.
 
  重慶川儀十七廠有限公司的總經理/工程師朱祥先生談到,未來的發展主要是工業物聯網和人工智能兩個方向。隨著技術的發展,所有的儀器儀表將會互相連通,數據將會高度整合,同時通過大數據和云計算實行更加精密的控制,會變得更智能化。比如說,儀器儀表中將采用大量的超大規模集成(VLSI)的新器件、表面貼裝技術(SMT)、多層線路板印刷、圓片規模集成(WSI)和多芯片模塊(MCM)等新工藝,CAD、CAM、CAPP、CAT等計算機輔助手段,使多媒體技術、人機交互、模糊控制、人工神經元網絡等新技術在現代儀器儀表中得到廣泛應用。
 
  Mr.Zhu Xiang,general manager/engineer of Chongqing Chuanyi Seventeenth Factory Co.,Ltd.,said that the future development is mainly in the two directions of industrial Internet of Things and artificial intelligence.With the development of technology,all instruments will be interconnected,data will be highly integrated,and more precise control through large data and cloud computing will become more intelligent.For example,a large number of new VLSI devices,surface mounting technology(SMT),multi-layer circuit board printing,wafer scale integration(WSI)and multi-chip module(MCM)will be used in the instrumentation,and computer aided means such as CAD,CAM,CAPP,CAT will make multimedia technology,human-computer interaction,fuzzy control,artificial neural network and other new technologies in modern instrumentation.It has been widely used.
 
  目前,不少的國內外廠商已經越來越重視智能化儀表發展,建設了自動化生產線,產品技術朝著微型化、多功能化、人工智能化、虛擬化等方向發展。在生產方式上,泉州已經建設數字化生產線130條,完成生產銷售國產機器人1160臺,推廣應用國產數控系統5340套,打造了嘉華機器人自動上下料及3C鉆攻中心生產線、3條智能制造示范生產線;國網浙江省電力公司電力科學研究院成功研制了電能表智能檢定系統,項目實施后,電能表檢定效率提升58倍,檢定人員減少90%以上,運營成本降低50%;艾默生推出了適用于科里奧利流量計和電磁流量計的新版智能儀表自校驗軟件。該軟件可根據需求提供流量計校驗,讓過程工程師、技術人員和操作人員能基于當下行業先進儀表和過程診斷工具,關注儀表以外的事項并做出實時決策。
 
  At present,many domestic and foreign manufacturers have paid more and more attention to the development of intelligent instruments,and built automated production lines.The product technology is developing in the direction of miniaturization,multi-functionality,artificial intelligence,and virtualization.In terms of production methods,Quanzhou has built 130 digital production lines,completed the production and sales of 1,160 domestic robots,promoted the application of 5340 sets of domestic CNC systems,and built the Jiahua robot automatic loading and unloading and 3C drilling and attack center production line and three intelligent manufacturing demonstration production lines;State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Company Electric Power Research Institute successfully developed the electric energy meter intelligent verification system.After the project is implemented,the energy meter verification efficiency is increased by 58 times,the verification personnel are reduced by more than 90%,and the operating cost is reduced by 50%.Emerson has introduced the application for the section.A new version of the smart meter self-checking software for Rioli flowmeters and electromagnetic flowmeters.The software provides flowmeter calibration on demand,allowing process engineers,technicians,and operators to focus on matters outside the instrument and make real-time decisions based on today's industry-leading instrumentation and process diagnostic tools.
 
  未來,隨著技術的發展,儀器儀表行業將迎來更加深刻的變化。正如馬云在2018世界人工智能大會上所說的,“未來十年到十五年,傳統制造業面臨的痛苦將會遠遠超過今天的想象。企業如果不能從規模化、標準化向個性化和智慧化轉型,將很難生存下去。”逆水行舟,不進則退,對于儀器儀表企業來說,要加緊研發,緊跟歷史潮流實現產品的升級。
 
  In the future,with the development of technology,the instrumentation industry will usher in more profound changes.As Ma Yun said at the 2018 World Artificial Intelligence Conference,"In the next ten to fifteen years,the pain of traditional manufacturing will far exceed the imagination of today.If enterprises cannot scale from standardization to personalization and wisdom.Transformation,it will be difficult to survive."Against the water,do not enter and retreat,for instrumentation companies,we must step up research and development,keep up with the historical trend to achieve product upgrades.
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