【行業新聞】技術研發氛圍正濃,儀器儀表行業迎來破局機遇!
信息來源: 華恒 | [ 2019-05-14 ] 點擊量: 315

   5月5日,河南省鄭州市發布《鄭州市加大全社會研發投入的若干政策措施》《鄭州市進一步加快推進創新創業載體發展的若干政策措施》《鄭州市支持科技型企業融資發展的若干政策》3項政策,拿出真金白銀來支持企業的研發。

 
  On May 5,Zhengzhou City of Henan Province issued three policies,namely,Several Policies and Measures for Enlarging the Social R&D Investment in Zhengzhou City,Several Policies and Measures for Further Accelerating the Development of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Carriers in Zhengzhou City,and Several Policies for Financing Development of Science and Technology Enterprises in Zhengzhou City,to support the R&D of enterprises with real gold and silver.
 
  文件提出,將對科技雛鷹企業、科技小巨人企業、科技瞪羚企業和科技創新龍頭企業進行補貼,最高開出2000萬元的獎勵;對新認定的國家、省、市級眾創空間、星創天地、科技企業孵化器等載體給予最高200萬元補助;對科技型企業融資難、融資貴問題提供解決方案,在扶持科創板、創業板上市企業方面,最高給予500萬元獎勵。
 
  The document proposes that subsidies will be given to science and technology hawk enterprises,science and technology giant enterprises,science and technology gazelle enterprises and leading enterprises of science and technology innovation,with a maximum of 20 million yuan award;subsidies of up to 2 million yuan will be given to newly recognized carriers such as state,provincial and municipal public creation space,star creation heaven and earth,and incubator of science and technology enterprises;and solutions to the financing difficulties and expensive problems of science and technology enterprises will be provided.In support of enterprises listed on the GEM and GEM,the highest award is 5 million yuan.
 
  儀器儀表作為制造業的重要組成部分,在工業生產中發揮著重要的作用,在一些高端研發項目中,儀器儀表更是有著不可替代的作用,一直都受到全世界的重視,尤其是對于我國而言。眾多周知,受起步晚等因素的影響,我國儀器儀表制造行業存著著發展薄弱,技術水平低等問題,在很多核心技術上還沒有取得突破,同時在國外大型企業的涌入下,國產儀器儀表行業的市場在不斷的壓縮,這也進一步限制了國產儀器儀表行業的發展,造成了惡性循環。2019年年初,國際巨頭自恃產品技術先進而大幅漲價的事情引起了諸多高校的共鳴,也揭開了國產儀器儀表行業的遮羞布。據了解,截至2018年,全國共約有1800臺核磁共振波譜儀,其中1400多臺是一家國外供應商的產品,國產的僅有50臺。
 
  Instruments,as an important part of manufacturing industry,play an important role in industrial production.In some high-end R&D projects,instrumentation plays an irreplaceable role.It has always been paid attention by the whole world,especially for China.As we all know,due to the late start and other factors,there are some problems in the instrument manufacturing industry in China,such as weak development and low technology level,which have not made breakthroughs in many core technologies.At the same time,with the influx of large foreign enterprises,the market of domestic instrument industry is constantly shrinking,which further limits the development of domestic instrument industry and causes malignancy.Cycle.At the beginning of 2019,the international giants'self-reliance on the advanced technology of their products and the dramatic price increase aroused the resonance of many colleges and universities,and also unveiled the shame of the domestic instrument industry.It is understood that as of 2018,there are about 1800 NMR spectrometers in China,of which more than 1400 are products from a foreign supplier,and only 50 are made in China.
 
  為了推動儀器儀表企業進行研發,我國也在通過國家自然科學基金、國家科技重大專項、國家重點研發計劃、技術創新引導專項(基金)和基地人才專項等計劃,為儀器儀表企業提供資金和指導。近10年來,中國基礎研究投入總額以年均增幅近15%的速度快速增長,從2006年的155.8億元增長到2017年的975.5億元,投入的資金在不斷的增加。
 
  In order to promote the research and development of instrument and instrument enterprises,China is also providing funds and guidance for instrument and instrument enterprises through the National Natural Science Foundation,major national science and technology projects,national key research and development plans,technical innovation guidance projects(funds)and base personnel projects.Over the past 10 years,China's total investment in basic research has grown rapidly at an average annual growth rate of nearly 15%,from 15.58 billion yuan in 2006 to 97.55 billion yuan in 2017,with increasing investment.
 
  在科技部發布的經費總概算約6億元的國家重點研發計劃重點專項2018年度項目申報指南中,就對多個儀器儀表項目進行了規劃。比如說,基于語義交互集成的儀器儀表新型體系架構;基于量子效應的儀表原位標校技術;具備邊緣計算能力的新型儀器儀表;面向惡劣環境的儀器儀表可靠性設計及驗證技術;高性能真空監測儀表;特種工況實時在線測量儀表;高性能特種控制閥等。
 
  The Ministry of Science and Technology has issued a guideline for the declaration of key national R&D projects with a total budget of about 600 million yuan in 2018,in which a number of instrumentation projects have been planned.For example,a new architecture of instruments based on semantic interaction integration;in-situ calibration technology of instruments based on quantum effect;new instruments with edge computing capability;reliability design and verification technology of instruments for harsh environment;high-performance vacuum monitoring instruments;real-time on-line measurement instruments for special working conditions;high-performance special control valves,etc.
 
  受這些措施的引導,我國在很多領域的創新及市場新主體都實現了大量增加,創新活力不斷釋放,不少企業都在持續不斷的進行新技術的研發。2017年,企業研發經費投入13733億元,占全社會投入的78.5%。此外,匯中股份、積成電子、三川智慧、新天科技、寧波水表等企業在2018年對NB-IoT技術研發投入逐漸增加,費用支出占營業總成本的20%以上。
 
  Under the guidance of these measures,China's innovation in many areas and new market players have achieved a large increase,innovation vitality is constantly released,many enterprises are continuing to carry out research and development of new technologies.In 2017,enterprises invested 1373.3 billion yuan in R&D,accounting for 78.5%of the total social investment.In addition,Huizhong Stock,Jicheng Electronics,Sanchuan Wisdom,Xintian Science and Technology,Ningbo Water Meter and other enterprises gradually increased their investment in NB-IoT technology research and development in 2018,and the expenditure accounted for more than 20%of the total operating cost.
 
  資金的持續投入也推動了一批重大科技成果相繼問世。據不完全統計,我國主導制定的《國際標準ISO 16063-33:2017“振動與沖擊傳感器校準方法:磁靈敏度測試”》、《顯微鏡光學關鍵部件聯接尺寸》、《測量、控制和實驗室用電氣設備的安全要求第2-203部分:工業通信設備的特殊要求)》均已立項或者出版。隨著新技術的研發,國產儀器儀表行業有望在國際市場上掌握主動權。
 
  The continuous investment of funds has also promoted the emergence of a number of major scientific and technological achievements.According to incomplete statistics,the International Standard ISO 16063-33:2017"Calibration Method of Vibration and Impact Sensors:Magnetic Sensitivity Test","Connection Dimensions of Key Optical Components of Microscopes","Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement,Control and Laboratory Part 2-203:Special Requirements for Industrial Communications Equipment",which is formulated by our country,has been put into project or published.With the development of new technology,the domestic instrument industry is expected to take the initiative in the international market.
 
  目前,我國正在積極構建以企業為主體、產學研融合的技術創新體系,對于儀器儀表企業來說,將是大展身手的良機。一方面,儀器儀表企業要加強戰略研判,提高判斷能力,增強科技創新政策的前瞻性預見性系統性,另一方面,儀器儀表可以聯合高校和科研院所組建產學研用聯合體,聯合開展核心技術研發攻關,實現技術的核心突破。
 
  At present,China is actively building a technology innovation system with enterprises as the main body and integration of industry,education and research.For instrument enterprises,it will be a good opportunity to show their skills.On the one hand,instrumentation enterprises should strengthen strategic research and judgment,improve judgment ability,and enhance the forward-looking and predictive system of science and technology innovation policy.On the other hand,instrumentation enterprises can combine universities and scientific research institutes to form a production-learning-research association,jointly carry out research and development of core technologies,and achieve core breakthroughs in technology.
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