【行業相關】中美貿易戰之下,國產質譜儀器該如何發展?
信息來源: 華恒 | [ 2019-05-18 ] 點擊量: 288

   質譜儀是一種能夠直接測量物質原子量或分子量的儀器,是目前最尖端的科學儀器之一。

 
  Mass spectrometer is a kind of instrument which can directly measure the atomic weight or molecular weight of matter.It is one of the most advanced scientific instruments at present.
 
  基于質譜儀具有直接測量物質的本質特征,以及高分辨、高靈敏度、大通量和高準確度的特性,它的應用領域十分廣泛,涉及高端醫療器械、環境檢測、生物醫藥、食品安全等幾乎所有的分析測試領域,是百億級體量的產業,并能夠推動萬億級的產業。
 
  Mass spectrometer has the characteristics of direct measurement of substances,high resolution,high sensitivity,high throughput and high accuracy.It has a wide range of applications,involving high-end medical devices,environmental testing,biomedicine,food safety and almost all other fields of analysis and testing.It is a 10 billion-level industry,and can promote trillion-level industry.
 
  隨著人們對環境保護、食品安全等問題的日益重視,質譜儀市場需求越來越多,越來越迫切。然而,由于國產質譜儀存在較多技術瓶頸,只能滿足小部分市場需求,國內質譜儀市場大多被國外知名質譜儀制造商所占據(如安捷倫、賽默飛、沃特世等)。
 
  With people's increasing attention to environmental protection,food safety and other issues,the market demand for mass spectrometers is more and more urgent.However,due to the technical bottlenecks of domestic mass spectrometers,they can only meet a small part of the market demand.Most of the domestic mass spectrometer market is occupied by well-known foreign mass spectrometer manufacturers(such as Agilent,Somerfly,Waters,etc.).
 
  根據智研咨詢發布的統計數據顯示,2018年我國質譜儀產量為20004臺,進口數量為12617臺,出口數量為6949臺,全國質譜儀需求量為25672臺。
 
  According to the statistics released by Zhiyan Consulting,in 2018,China's mass spectrometer output was 2,004,the number of imports was 12,617,the number of exports was 6949,and the national mass spectrometer demand was 25,672.
 
  近日,中美貿易戰持續升溫,雙方均已表明態度。作為儀器儀表行業中的一員,儀表網小編也將目光對準了600億美元美國進口商品中的各類儀器儀表及相關產品。
 
  Recently,the Sino-US trade war has continued to heat up,and both sides have expressed their attitudes.As a member of the instrumentation industry,the small catalogue of instrumentation network will also focus on various instrumentation and related products in US imports of$60 billion.
 
  其中,以質譜聯用儀(海關編號:90278012)為代表的質譜儀器在加征關稅的稅率中被劃為5%最低檔。但是作為一種高端精密分析儀器,并且是我國進口的主要儀器,質譜產品以其技術含量高、應用范圍廣、價格昂貴而備受國內外相關儀器廠商的關注。
 
  Among them,mass spectrometry instruments represented by mass spectrometry(Customs No.90278012)are classified as the lowest level of 5%in the tariff rate.However,as a high-end precision analytical instrument,and the main instrument imported from China,mass spectrometry products have attracted the attention of relevant instrument manufacturers at home and abroad for their high technical content,wide application and high price.
 
  此次,美國開啟貿易戰,中國已表明立場。在5月13日的央視新聞聯播中,主持人康輝播報了一篇題為《中國已做好全面應對的準備》的國際銳評,引起了人們的極大關注。貿易戰的開啟勢必會對中國的質譜行業產生影響,國內儀器企業只有不斷加強技術創新和進口替代,才能在這場“貿易戰”中減少影響。
 
  This time,the United States launched a trade war,and China has made its position clear.In the CCTV news broadcast on May 13,the host Kang Hui broadcasted an international critical comment entitled"China is ready for a comprehensive response",which attracted great attention.The opening of trade war will inevitably have an impact on China's mass spectrometry industry.Only by continuously strengthening technological innovation and import substitution,can domestic instrument enterprises reduce the impact in this"trade war".
 
  上個世紀六十年代,我國生產出第一臺質譜儀。但由于一些歷史原因,我國質譜儀的研發和生產工作沒能延續,與國際水平存在較大差距,在國際質譜儀市場占有率極低,在國內質譜儀市場也只能參與低端產品的競爭。
 
  In the 1960s,China produced the first mass spectrometer.However,due to some historical reasons,the development and production of mass spectrometers in China has not been continued,and there is a big gap with the international level.The market share of mass spectrometers in the international market is very low,and the domestic mass spectrometer market can only participate in the competition of low-end products.
 
  隨著我國經濟的不斷發展,環境污染、食品安全等問題日益突出,對發展高端科學儀器提出了迫切需求。中國作為全球質譜儀重要的需求市場越來越受到儀器廠商的關注,國內儀器廠商也在致力于打造國產高端質譜儀。
 
  With the continuous development of China's economy,environmental pollution,food safety and other issues have become increasingly prominent,which put forward an urgent need for the development of high-end scientific instruments.As an important global market for mass spectrometers,China has attracted more and more attention from instrument manufacturers.Domestic instrument manufacturers are also committed to building high-end domestic mass spectrometers.
 
  比如,十年前禾信儀器只有一臺不能工作的樣機,十年后的2018年禾信儀器已經做到了國內行業領軍。禾信儀器已經全面掌握具有完全自主知識產權的飛行時間質譜核心技術和全套裝配工藝,多項質譜技術及產品填補了國內甚至國際質譜領域與高端環保儀器行業的空白。
 
  For example,10 years ago,there was only one prototype of Hexin instrument that could not work.Ten years later,in 2018,Hexin instrument has become a leader in the domestic industry.Hexin instrument has fully mastered the core technology and complete assembly process of time-of-flight mass spectrometry(TOFMS)with fully independent intellectual property rights.Many mass spectrometry technologies and products have filled the gaps in the field of mass spectrometry and high-end environmental protection instruments at home and abroad.
 
  目前,禾信儀器的技術已經在國內200多個城市得到了應用,并且出口到美國和德國,創造了中國大型尖端科學儀器首次出口歐美的歷史。
 
  At present,Hexin instrument technology has been applied in more than 200 cities in China,and exported to the United States and Germany,creating the history of China's first large-scale sophisticated scientific instruments exported to Europe and the United States.
 
  禾信儀器董事長周振說,質譜儀器對于一個國家和民族很重要,禾信儀器自己花了10年時間做到了全國領先,但也必須承認和國外的差距還很大。
 
  Zhou Zhen,chairman of Hexin Instruments,said that mass spectrometry instrument is very important for a country and a nation.It took Hexin Instrument itself 10 years to be the national leader,but it must be acknowledged that there is still a big gap between Hexin Instruments and other countries.
 
  因此,我國要盡快加強對質譜儀技術的重視程度,制定合理、有效的發展計劃,加大研發投入和支持力度,加快推進產業化進程,從而縮短我國與質譜技術領先國家之間的差距。
 
  Therefore,China should pay more attention to mass spectrometer technology as soon as possible,formulate reasonable and effective development plans,increase R&D investment and support,speed up the industrialization process,so as to shorten the gap between China and the leading countries in mass spectrometry technology.
 
  中美貿易戰已打響。蘇軾·《留侯論》有句話說的好:“天下有大勇者,卒然臨之而不驚,無故加之而不怒。此其所挾持者甚大,而其志甚遠也”。中國或許就是蘇軾所指代的大勇者吧!
 
  The Sino-US trade war has begun.There is a saying in Su Shi's"On Liuhou"that"there are brave people in the world,who will not be surprised when they come,and will not be angry for no reason.This is a very big hijacker and far-reaching ambition.Maybe China is the hero that Su Shi refers to.
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